PART 1 – CONSTELLATIONS
1 – What’s a constellation?
A constellation is a group of stars that forms a significant pattern or image.
2 – How many constellations are officially recognized nowadays?
The International Astronomical Union currently recognizes 88 constellations.
3 – What’s an ‘asterism’ when we’re talking in terms of constellations?
A cluster of stars that is notable but does not form a constellation; sometimes found within a constellation.
4 – Give an example of an asterism.
The Pleiades within the Taurus constellation.
5 – Most of constellations names are based upon which ancient culture?
PART 2 – CHINESE CONSTELLATIONS
1 – How did the Ancient Chinese divide the night sky?
The Ancient Chinese divided the sky into 4 ecliptic regions made up of 28 Mansions.
2 – Tell which are the Three Enclosures and where are they placed in the sky.
The Three Enclosures are the Purple Forbidden Enclosure, the Supreme Palace Enclosure, and the Heavenly Market Enclosure.
3 – Explain the process of Chinese stars naming.
Stars were named in relation to how where they sat to the North Star, The Emperor Star. The Enclosure in which the star sat also distinguished the name apart from other stars.
4 – Choose three of the Twenty-Eight Mansions and write a short essay about them.
1). The Heart Mansion is part of the Azure Dragon of the East and represents its heart. It is composed of three individual stars and makes up the European constellation, Scorpius.
2). The Willow Mansion is within the Vermillion Bird of the South Region and is found its southern areas. This Mansion is large, consisting of 8 individual stars and can be found in the European constellation, Hydra.
3). The Dipper is a northern Mansion within the Black Tortoise of the North. It is made of 6 stars and looks very similar to the Big Dipper. The shape is said to represent the temple in the sky. It is found within the constellation, Sagittarius.
PART 3 – FORMER CONSTELLATIONS
1 – What are former constellations?
Constellations that were at one time considered by the IAU, but have since been declassified.
2 – Name three former constellations and if possible explain why there are no longer recognized.
1). Argo Navis - It was in Ptolemy's list of 48 constellations, but has now been split into 3 separate constellations.
2). Quadrans Muralis - Has been since been split into the Bootes and Draco constellations
3). Cerberus - The constellation was originally seen as 3-headed snake that Hercules was holding, but is now simply part of the constellation.